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  • What Is Cancer?

    Cancer is the general term for a group of more than 100 diseases in which cells in a part of the body begin to grow out of control. Although there are many kinds of cancer, they all start because abnormal cell growth.Cancer also has the ability to spread throughout your body. Untreated cancers can cause serious illness and even death. In 2007, cancer caused about 13% of all human deaths worldwide (7.9 million). Rates are rising as more people live to an old age and as mass lifestyle changes occur in the developing world.

  • How cancer spreads

    Cancer cells often travel to other parts of the body, where they begin to grow and form new cáncer (tumors) that replace normal tissue. This process is called metastasis. It happens when the cancer cells get into the bloodstream or lymph vessels of our body.

  • Signs and Symptoms of Cancer

    A symptom is also a signal of disease, illness, injury, or that something is not right in the body. Symptoms are felt or noticed by the person who has them, but may not be easily seen by anyone else. For example, weakness, aches, and feeling short of breath may be symptoms of pneumonia.


    A sign is a signal that something is not right in the body. But signs are signals that can be seen by someone else -- maybe a loved one, or a doctor, nurse, or other health care professional. Fever, fast breathing, and abnormal lung sounds heard through a stethoscope may be signs of pneumonia.


    Having one sign or symptom may not be enough to figure out what's causing it. Sometimes, a patient's signs and symptoms still don't give the doctor enough clues to figure out the cause of an illness. Then medical tests, such as x-rays, blood tests, or a biopsy may be needed.

  • What are some general cancer signs and symptoms?

    You should know some of the general signs and symptoms of cancer. But remember, having any of these does not mean that you have cancer - many other things cause these signs and symptoms, too. If you have any of these symptoms and they last for a long time or get worse, please see a doctor to find the cause.


    Some general signs and symptoms associated with, but not specific to, cancer include:


    bullet Unexplained Fatigue
    bullet Lump or thickening that can be felt under the skin.
    bullet Weight changes, including unintended loss or gain.
    bullet Skin changes, (such as yellowing, darkening or redness of the skin, sores that won't heal, or    changes to existing moles).
    bullet Changes in bowel habits or bladder habits.
    bullet Persistent cough.
    bullet Difficulty in swallowing.
    bullet Hoarseness of voice.
    bullet Persistent indigestion or discomfort after eating.
    bullet Persistent, unexplained muscle or joint pain.

  • Take control of your health and reduce your cancer risk

    bullet Stay away from tobacco and alcohol.
    bullet Stay at a healthy weight.
    bullet Get moving with regular physical activity.
    bullet Eat healthy diet with plenty of fruits and vegetables.
    bullet Protect your skin.
    bullet  Know yourself, your family history, and your risks.
    bullet Have regular check-ups and cancer screening tests.